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Test Description

The below table describes details of Lubricating Oil -Test Description

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Wear Metal Debris Analysis , Wear Condition

Short Name Test Description Test Method
RDE

RDE Fine Wear Metal Elements

  • 18 wear metal elements:
    Iron, Chromium, Lead, Copper, Tin, Aluminum, Nickel, Silver,Molybdenum, Titanium, Zinc, Sodium, Silicon, Boron, Magnesium, Calcium, Barium and Phosphorous
  • Wear size detection range is approx within 8 micron.
  • Results in PPM (part per million)

AES -RDE
FL- D-6595

RFS

RFS Course Wear Metal Elements

  • 11 wear metal elements:
    Iron, Chromium, Lead, Copper, Tin, Aluminium, Nickel, Silver, Molybdenum, Titanium and Silicon
  • Wear size detection range is approx 8 micron up to 150 micron.
  • Results in PPM (part per million)
AES-RFS
FL-02-06
Double Wearcheck™ Click for more detail...
 
Ferrogram

Ferrographic Analysis

  • Wear and contaminants analysis technique that examine ferrous, nonferrous contaminant particles by microscope to analysis quantity, size, shape texture, morphology, wear mode and mechanism.
  • Results in identification wear debris type,size range and wear/contaminant concentration rating with image.
  • More detail ...
  • Example of Ferrographic Analysis Report
FL-05-06
(In-house method)




Fluid Properties, Fluid or Oil Condition

Short Name Test Description Test Method
FTIR

FTIR Spectroscopy

  • Fourier Tranform Infra-Red Spectroscopy
  • Measure oil degradation and oil contamination by FTIR Spectroscopy
  • Oil Degradation : Oxidation, Nitration
  • Oil Contamination : Water, glycol, soot for SAE engine oils and SAE gear oils ONLY
  • FTIR Spectroscopy has Limited or not available for some synthetic fluid.
    Results in abs/mm and % concentration

FTIR
Spectroscopy
FL-03-06

Vis 40

Viscosity , Kinematic @ 40 °c

  • Results in cSt
FL- D-445
Vis 100

Viscosity , Kinematic @ 100 °c

  • Results in cSt
FL- D-445
VI

Viscosity Index

  • Results in calculating Viscoity Index Number
FL- D-2270
TAN

TAN ( Total Acid Number )

  • TAN is a measure of total acid concentration present in the lubricant.
  • Results in mg/KOH/g.
FL- D-974
TBN

TBN ( Total Base Number )

  • TBN is a measure of alkalinity remaining in the lubricant.
  • Results in mg/KOH/g.
FL- D-4739
Flash Point

Flash Point

  • Results in degree c.
FL- D-3828
RULER™

RUL or RULER™

  • Test to determine the Remaining Useful Life (RUL) of lubricant.
  • By measure Antioxidant Additives (AO) ratio remaining in lubricant by Voltammetric analysis.
  • Results in % remaining of Antioxidant Additives in the lubricant.
  • Application: Gas & Steam Turbine Oils, Hydraulic Oils, Aircraft Jet, Engine Oils etc.
  • RULER™ or Voltammetry is one of the tests to measure remaining life of Mineral oils for Gas and Steam Turbine Oils according to ASTM D-4378-03.
  • More detail ...
FL- D-6971




Contamination

Short Name Test Description Test Method
Particle Count

Particle Count or Fluid Cleanliness Test

  • Measure fluid cleanliness level . By counting number of particles of each size range and determine class level .

NAS 1638
and
ISO 4406

Water by
crackle
Water by Crackle

   
  • Screening test to detect and roughly quantify water and moisture for further accuracy test such as by ditillation, KF Co distillation.

FL-01-06
(In-house method)

Water by FTIR
Water by FTIR Spectroscopy
   
  • Detect water in engine oils and/or SAE Viscosity Oil.
FTIR Spectroscopy
FL-03-06
Water by
Distillation
Water by Distillation

   
  • Results in %
FL- D-95
Water by
KF Co
Water by Karl Fisher
Co-distillation


   
  • Results in %
FL- D-6304
Fuel

Fuel Dilution

  • Measure fuel dilution or fuel contamination in Used (In-service) diesel enine oils by SAW (surface acoustic wave technology)
  • Results in % fuel
SAW
(Surface Acoustic Wave)
FL-04-06
Gravimetric

Gravimetric Analysis

  • Measure and indicate amount of insoluble contaminants, particulate and inorganic matter which is reatained on membrane filter disk. This method will be included microscope examination.
  • Results report indicate insoluble contaminant and debris found with image.
  • More detail ...
  • Example of Gravimetric Analysis Report
Mod. ASTM D-4898


VsPI™

VsPI™ (Varnish and Sludge Potential Index)

  • Test to predict varnish and sludge condition & status and varnish and sludge build-up in lubricant system.
  • Results in VsPI™ rating unit.
  • Application: Gas & Steam Turbine Oils, Hydraulic Oils.
  • More detail ...
FL-06-06
(In-house method)




Grease Testing

Short Name Test Description Test Method
Penetration

Penetration

  • Measuring the changing in grease consistency or hardness by penetration of a 1/4 scale cone.
  • Require new or fresh grease as reference.
  • Result in tenths of millimeter.

FL-D-1403

Dropping
Point

Dropping Point

  • The dropping point of grease is the temperature at which the grease changes from semi-solid to liquid.
  • Require new or fresh grease as reference.
  • Result in degree C.
FL-D-2265
FTIR

FTIR

  • Measure grease by FTIR Spectrscopy.
  • Identify identify grease type, additive, oxidation and any cross contamination of grease.
  • Require new or fresh grease as reference.
FTIR Spectroscpy



Quality & Performance Test

Short Name Test Description Test Method
Foaming

Foaming Characteristics

Determination of Foaming Characteristic of lubricating oils. Measure Foaming Characteristics in 3 sequences ;

  • Sequence I , II and III
    • Foaming Sequence I at 24°c
    • Foaming Sequence II at 94°c
    • Foaming Sequence III at 94°c and 24°c
  • Result : each sequence will report in Foaming Tendency in ml. volume unit / Foaming Stability in ml. volume unit of Sequence I , II and III
  • For example result : Foaming Sequence I : 40 / 40
  • Amount Sample requirement : approx 500 ml.

Foaming Characteristics in more details...

FLL- D-892
(Based on ASTM D-892)

Air Release

Air Release

  • Determination the ability of lubricating oils to separate from entrained air or air bubble.
  • Result in minutes
  • This test measure time for air entrained or air bubble to release from oils or measure air bubble separation time.
  • For example result : 5 minutes
  • Amount Sample requirement : approx 300 ml.

Air Release in more details...

FLL-D-3427
(Based on ASTM D-3427)
Water Sep

Water Separability Charactersitics

  • It is commonly referred to as Demulsibility.
  • Evaluate the ability of lubricating oils to separate from water or remain emulsified.
  • Result in ml oil /ml water /ml emulsion (minutes)
  • For example result : 5 minutes
  • Amount Sample requirement : approx 100 ml.

Water Separability Characteristics in more details...

FLL-D-1401
(Based on ASTM D-1401)
Filter test

Oil Filterability

  • Determination of filtration Characteristic of lubricating oils.
  • Result in minutes
  • Sample requirement : approx 150 ml.
FLL Method
(In-house Method)
RPVOT

RPVOT (Rotating Pressure Vessel Oxidation Test)

  • Previous known as RBOT
  • Measure oxidation stability of turbine oils
  • Result in minutes
  • Sample requirement : approx 150 ml.

RPVOT in more details...

FLL-D-2272
(Based on ASTM D-2272)
Copper
Corrosion

Copper Strip Corrosion

  • Detection of copper corrosion from lube oils by the
    Copper Strip Tarnish Test (corrosiveness to copper
    of lube oils)
  • Result : report the corrosiveness in accordance with the
    classification , such as 1a or 2b
  • Sample requirement : approx 50 ml.

Copper Corrosion in more details...

FLL-D-130
(Based on ASTM D-130)
Rust

Rust- Preventing Characteristics

  • Ability of lube oils to aid in preventing the rusting
    of ferrous parts
  • Result : reported as " pass " or " fail " according to the
    observed condition of the specimen.
  • Sample requirement : approx 600 ml

Rust Preventing Characteristics in more details...

FLL-D-665
(Based on ASTM D-665)



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